Collection F00557 - Barclay collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Barclay collection

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Level of description

Collection

Reference code

CA ON00239 F00557

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

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Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1796-1827 (Creation)
    Creator
    St. Croix Commission

Physical description area

Physical description

11 microfilm reels : positive.

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1814)

Administrative history

The Treaty of Paris in 1783 established the St. Croix River as the boundary between New Brunswick and the United States, and by the fifth article in Jay's Treaty of 1794, a commission was established to clarify which of two rivers emptying into Passamaquoddy Bay was the St. Croix. Governor Wentworth of Nova Scotia recommended Thomas Barclay as the British Commissioner, and the negotiations ended successfully for the British in 1798 with the most western river, the St. Croix, being established as the boundary. At the end of the War of 1812, the issue of the international boundary between New Brunswick and the United States surfaced again, and it was Thomas Barclay who was appointed once more as the British Commissioner under the terms of the Treaty of Ghent. Ward Chipman served again as the British agent. The Commission dealt with two issues: the ownership of the islands in Passamaquoddy Bay, which they agreed upon in 1817, and the extension of the border from the source of the St. Croix River to the St. Lawrence River. When agreement could not be reached, the latter issue was submitted to the King of the Netherlands for arbitration. In 1831, he issued his decision, which was not accepted by either parties, and the final settlement did not come until 1842 with the Webster-Asburton Treaty. Thomas Barclay's participation in the second boundary commission was his last act of public service. Anthony Barclay (1792-1877), son of Thomas Barclay, also participated in the second boundary commission.

Custodial history

Scope and content

The collection consists of correspondence of explorers who surveyed the boundary zones between Canada and the United States, and of several other diplomats, officers and aids who became involved in the arbitration of the border. There are also several bound and unbound manuscripts, including various treaties, arguments, awards, memorials and commissioners' proceedings relating to settlements of the Canadian-American border.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Microfilm purchased from the Maine Historical Society

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

MF 603-613

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Open

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Copyright restrictions may apply.

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Related materials

Accruals

No further accruals are expected

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Location

  • Shelf: MF 603-613