Item 9 - Correspondence, with Alexander Hardinge

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Title proper

Correspondence, with Alexander Hardinge

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Reference code

CA ON00239 F00596-S01-f0106-9

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Date(s)

  • 29 Nov. 1938-14 Dec. 1938 (Creation)
    Creator
    Buchan, John
  • 14 Nov. 1938 (Creation)
    Creator
    Hardinge, Alexander
  • 1938 (Receipt)
    Recipient
    Buchan, John
  • 1938 (Receipt)
    Recipient
    Hardinge, Alexander

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Physical description

5 p.

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Name of creator

(17 May 1894-29 May 1960)

Biographical history

Major Alexander Henry Louis Hardinge, 2nd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, GCB, GCVO, MC, PC was Private Secretary to the Sovereign during the Abdication Crisis of Edward VIII and during most of the Second World War. Hardinge was born in 1894, the son of Charles Hardinge (who was created Baron Hardinge of Penshurst in 1910 and served as Viceroy of India from 1910 to 1916). He was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards and fought in the First World War, alongside his brother, rising to the rank of Lieutenant and winning the Military Cross. In 1920, he became Assistant Private Secretary to George V and was promoted Captain. On 8 February 1921, he married Helen Gascoyne-Cecil (a daughter of Lord Edward Gascoyne-Cecil and his wife, Violet) and they had three children. In 1929 he was promoted Major. Hardinge served as Assistant Private Secretary up until George V's death in 1936.

Name of creator

(26 Aug. 1875-11 Feb. 1940)

Biographical history

John Buchan, first Baron Tweedsmuir, was born August 26, 1875, at Perth, Scotland. Buchan lived in Pathhead, Fife from 1876 to 1888, when his family moved to Glasgow. In 1892, after attending Hutcheson's Grammar School, he received a bursary to Glasgow University. Three years later he won a scholarship to Brasenose College, Oxford. While at Oxford, Buchan began contributing to periodicals and publishing books. In 1899 he took rooms at the Temple in London and read for the bar. Two years later, he joined Lord Milner's staff in South Africa, working on refugee camps, land settlement, and the administration of the Orange River and Transvaal Colonies.

Buchan returned to London in 1903 and spent the next three years working as a barrister while continuing to pursue his literary career. In December 1906 he joined Nelson's publishing house, where he would remain until 1929. With the outbreak of the First World War, he began a serial history of the war for Nelson's. From 1916 to 1918 he worked for British Military Intelligence, eventually becoming Director of Intelligence in the U.K. Ministry of Information under Beaverbrook. In 1927 Buchan was elected to the British Parliament as Conservative member for the Scottish Universities. He was re-elected in 1929 and 1931. In 1933 he became High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Two years later he was appointed Governor General of Canada and was thereafter known as Lord Tweedsmuir.

A popular Governor General, he travelled widely throughout Canada and endeavoured to make the office accessible to a broad spectrum of society. In 1937, the year which saw him become the first Governor General to tour the Arctic, Buchan instituted the Governor General's Literary Awards. The author of more than 60 books, Buchan was both a world-famous novelist and an accomplished historian and biographer. He died in Montreal on February 11, 1940.

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Scope and content

Item consists of one typed letter signed by the hand of the author and two distinct typed letters in response with the author's signatures absent (carbon copies).

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  • English

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Final

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Full

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Location

  • Folder: 2110, Box 10, File 3, Item 9