Londonderry, Lady (Circe)

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Londonderry, Lady (Circe)

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Description area

Dates of existence

3 Dec. 1878-23 Apr. 1959

History

Edith Helen Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Marchioness of Londonderry, DBE (née Chaplin) was a noted and influential society hostess in the United Kingdom between World War I and World War II, a friend of the first Labour prime minister, Ramsay MacDonald. She was a noted gardener and a writer and editor of the works of others.
At the age of twenty-one, Edith Chaplin married one of the most eligible bachelors of the day, the eldest son of the sixth Marquess of Londonderry. Her husband served in the Ulster cabinet and was Air Minister in the National Government of 1934-5. Edith founded the Women's Legion during the First World War and was also an early campaigner for women's suffrage. She created the renowned Mount Stewart Gardens in County Down that are now owned by the National Trust. All her life, Edith remained at the heart of politics both in Westminster and Ireland. She is perhaps best known for her role as 'society's queen' - a hostess to the rich and famous. Her close circle of friends included Winston Churchill, Lady Astor, Neville Chamberlain and Harold Macmillan who congregated in her salon, known as 'The Ark'.

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Relationships area

Related entity

MacDonald, Ramsay (12 Oct. 1866-9 Nov. 1937)

Identifier of the related entity

CA QUA10570

Category of the relationship

associative

Type of relationship

MacDonald, Ramsay

is the friend of

Londonderry, Lady (Circe)

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Chamberlain, Neville (18 March 1869-9 November 1940)

Identifier of the related entity

CA QUA10205

Category of the relationship

associative

Type of relationship

Chamberlain, Neville

is the friend of

Londonderry, Lady (Circe)

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Churchill, Winston, Sir (30 Nov. 1874-24 Jan. 1965)

Identifier of the related entity

CA QUA00068

Category of the relationship

associative

Type of relationship

Churchill, Winston, Sir

is the friend of

Londonderry, Lady (Circe)

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Buchan, John (26 Aug. 1875-11 Feb. 1940)

Identifier of the related entity

CA QUA00639

Category of the relationship

associative

Type of relationship

Buchan, John

is the friend of

Londonderry, Lady (Circe)

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Access points area

Subject access points

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Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

CA QUA10541

Institution identifier

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Status

Final

Level of detail

Partial

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Script(s)

Sources

Biographical sketch from Wikipedia and Goodreads entries of Lady (Circe) Londonderry at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edith_Vane-Tempest-Stewart,_Marchioness_of_Londonderry and https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/786531.Circe (accessed on 2019-08-28).

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