Sous-fonds SF126 - Lorne and Edith Pierce collection. Daniel Claus sous-fonds

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Lorne and Edith Pierce collection. Daniel Claus sous-fonds

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CA ON00239 SF126

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  • n.d. (Creation)
    Claus, Christian Daniel

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0.01 m of textual records

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Biographical history

Christian Daniel Claus (1727–1787) was a commissioner of Indian affairs and a prominent Loyalist during the American Revolution. He was born September 13, 1727 at Bönnigheim, Württemberg the son of Adam Frederic Claus and his wife Anna Dorothea. He arrived in America in 1749. In 1755 he was made a lieutenant in the Indian department and a deputy secretary of Indian affairs. He had lived with Joseph Brant and the Mohawks. His lengthy residence among the Mohawks as a British military officer and interpreter during the mid-18th century enabled him to attain proficiency in the Mohawk language.
In September 1775, he was replaced as the deputy superintendent by Major John Campbell. In November, Daniel Claus sailed to London to appeal his case before the British Lords. He was given the post of deputy confined to working with the Iroquois refugees in Canada. In August, 1777, he was appointed as agent of the Six Nations Indians by Frederick Haldimand.
He died November 9, 1787 near Cardiff, Wales.

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Scope and content

Sous-fonds consists of a typescript entitled "Jno Deserondyon: Ro oghyatongsera (His Book)." The typescript appears to translate Mohawk exchanges between Daniel Claus and John Deseronto into English. The date range of the translated material is1762 to 1782. When the typescript was created is not known.

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Gift of Lorne and Edith Pierce.


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  • English

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  • Shelf: 2001.1