Fonds F02026 - W. H. Hutchison fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

W. H. Hutchison fonds

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Level of description

Fonds

Reference code

CA ON00239 F02026

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1901-1931 (Creation)
    Creator
    Ku Klux Klan in Canada

Physical description area

Physical description

0.12 m of textual records

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1 Dec. 1924-)

Administrative history

The Ku Klux Klan is an organization that expanded operations into Canada, based on the second Ku Klux Klan established in the United States in 1915. It operated as a fraternity, with chapters established in parts of Canada throughout the 1920s and early 1930s. The first registered provincial chapter was registered in Toronto in 1925 by two Americans and a Torontonian. The organization was most successful in Saskatchewan, where it briefly influenced political activity and whose membership included a member of Parliament, Walter Davy Cowan.

On 1 December 1924, C. Lewis Fowler of New York City, John H. Hawkins of Newport, Virginia, and Richard L. Cowan of Toronto signed an agreement to establish the Knights of Ku Klux Klan of Canada. Funding responsibilities for the provincial organization were split equally among them, and each was a founding Imperial Officer of the Provincial Kloncillum, the governing body of the organization. Fowler travelled to Canada on 1 January 1925 to officially establish the organization. Cowan was the Imperial Wizard (president), Hawkins the Imperial Klaliff (vice-president) and Chief of Staff, and Fowler the Imperial Kligrapp (secretary). They also split the organization's income equally. Fowler left Canada in 1926.

During the mid 1920s, Ku Klux Klan branches were established throughout Canada. These groups observed the same racial ideology but had a narrower focus than those in the United States, primarily to preserve the "Britishness" of Canada with respect to ethnicity and religious affiliation.

Custodial history

Scope and content

The fonds consists of records from the Ku Klux Klan of Kanada.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Purchase

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

2229.1

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Restrictions on access

Open

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Location

  • Shelf: 2229.1