Fonds F01546 - William Lyon Mackenzie King fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

William Lyon Mackenzie King fonds

General material designation

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description

Fonds

Reference code

CA ON00239 F01546

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1889-1950 (Creation)
    Creator
    King, William Lyon Mackenzie

Physical description area

Physical description

492 microfiches : positive, 428 microfilm reels : positive, 5.28 m of textual records

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator

(17 Dec. 1874-22 Jul. 1950)

Biographical history

William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada, a grandson of William Lyon Mackenzie, was born in Kitchener (then Berlin), Ontario, 17 December 1874. He attended the University of Toronto (B.A., LL.B., M.A.), the University of Chicago, and Harvard University (M.A., Ph.D.). His field of study was Political Economy, with labour problems as his special interest. In 1900, he was appointed the first Deputy Minister of Labour and editor of the Labour Gazette. In 1908, he resigned to enter the House of Commons and in 1909 he entered the cabinet as the first Minister of Labour. He left politics after his defeat in the election of 1911 and from 1914 to 1917, he worked for the Rockefeller Foundation investigating industrial relations. He re-entered politics in 1919 after he was chosen leader of the Liberal Party. At the end of 1921, he became Prime Minister and held the post (with the exception of three months in 1926) until his party's defeat in the election of 1930.
William Lyon Mackenzie King was Leader of the Opposition until October 1935 when the Liberals came back into power. From that time he was Prime Minister until he retired on 15 November 1948. Mackenzie King had a long political career. He was leader of the Liberal Party for 29 eventful years through the buoyant expansion of the 1920s, the depression of the 1930s, the shock of World War II, and then the post-war reconstruction, and for 21 of these years he was Canada's prime minister. He died 22 July 1950 at his Kingsmere estate.

Custodial history

The press clippings series was donated to Queen's University Archives by Senator C. G. Power in 1961. Power stated: "This collection of clippings, which were arranged and filed in the Office of the Right Honourable Mackenzie King when he was Prime Minister, were handed over to me by his secretary, Mr. Jack Pickersgill some years ago, soe time after Mr. King's death." Power's papers also reside at Queen's University Archives. It is unkown how the two original letters from Mackenzie King were deposited at Queen's University, likely they were donated by the letter owners or purchased from an antiquarian dealer.

Scope and content

The fonds consists of the following microfilmed series of King Papers: Primary correspondence (J1), 1889-1950; Memoranda and notes (J4), 1887-1950; Speeches (J5), 1899-1950; Family correspondence (J7), 1880-1950; Spiritualism (J9), 1919-1950; and Diaries (J13), 1893-1950. Also included is a series of original press clippings (1935-1951) amassed and retained by Mackenzie King.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

The majority of this material was purchased on microfilm over a number of years from the National Archives of Canada as a research collection for local researchers. The purchase was made possible by the Chancellor Richardson Memorial Fund.

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

MF 3153-3678.46
MF 6000-6055
2294
2999 (King, William)
2208

Availability of other formats

Originals located at National Archives of Canada. W.L.M. King diaries are available online at: http://www.collectionscanada.ca/05/0532

Restrictions on access

Open

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Queen's University Archives provides this material for personal study only. It does not provide research services for this material. Permission to publish must be obtained from the National Archives of Canada.

Associated materials

Related materials

Accruals

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules or conventions

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language of description

Script of description

Sources

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres

Location

  • Shelf: MF 3153-3678.46
  • Shelf: MF 6000-6055
  • Shelf: 2294
  • Folder: 2999 (King, William)
  • Shelf: 2208