Title and statement of responsibility area
William Lyon Mackenzie King fonds
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Dates of creation area
- King, William Lyon Mackenzie
Physical description area
492 microfiches : positive, 428 microfilm reels : positive, 5.28 m of textual records
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Archival description area
Name of creator
William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada, a grandson of William Lyon Mackenzie, was born in Kitchener (then Berlin), Ontario, 17 December 1874. He attended the University of Toronto (B.A., LL.B., M.A.), the University of Chicago, and Harvard University (M.A., Ph.D.). His field of study was Political Economy, with labour problems as his special interest. In 1900, he was appointed the first Deputy Minister of Labour and editor of the Labour Gazette. In 1908, he resigned to enter the House of Commons and in 1909 he entered the cabinet as the first Minister of Labour. He left politics after his defeat in the election of 1911 and from 1914 to 1917, he worked for the Rockefeller Foundation investigating industrial relations. He re-entered politics in 1919 after he was chosen leader of the Liberal Party. At the end of 1921, he became Prime Minister and held the post (with the exception of three months in 1926) until his party's defeat in the election of 1930.
William Lyon Mackenzie King was Leader of the Opposition until October 1935 when the Liberals came back into power. From that time he was Prime Minister until he retired on 15 November 1948. Mackenzie King had a long political career. He was leader of the Liberal Party for 29 eventful years through the buoyant expansion of the 1920s, the depression of the 1930s, the shock of World War II, and then the post-war reconstruction, and for 21 of these years he was Canada's prime minister. He died 22 July 1950 at his Kingsmere estate.
The press clippings series was donated to Queen's University Archives by Senator C. G. Power in 1961. Power stated: "This collection of clippings, which were arranged and filed in the Office of the Right Honourable Mackenzie King when he was Prime Minister, were handed over to me by his secretary, Mr. Jack Pickersgill some years ago, soe time after Mr. King's death." Power's papers also reside at Queen's University Archives. It is unkown how the two original letters from Mackenzie King were deposited at Queen's University, likely they were donated by the letter owners or purchased from an antiquarian dealer.
Scope and content
The fonds consists of the following microfilmed series of King Papers: Primary correspondence (J1), 1889-1950; Memoranda and notes (J4), 1887-1950; Speeches (J5), 1899-1950; Family correspondence (J7), 1880-1950; Spiritualism (J9), 1919-1950; and Diaries (J13), 1893-1950. Also included is a series of original press clippings (1935-1951) amassed and retained by Mackenzie King.
Immediate source of acquisition
The majority of this material was purchased on microfilm over a number of years from the National Archives of Canada as a research collection for local researchers. The purchase was made possible by the Chancellor Richardson Memorial Fund.
Language of material
Script of material
Location of originals
2999 (King, William)
Availability of other formats
Originals located at National Archives of Canada. W.L.M. King diaries are available online at: http://www.collectionscanada.ca/05/0532
Restrictions on access
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Queen's University Archives provides this material for personal study only. It does not provide research services for this material. Permission to publish must be obtained from the National Archives of Canada.